The present article studies the peculiarities of artistic perception of the classical story of Amphitryon in plays by J. Giraudoux and P. Hacks. The myth of this Theban commander has been interpreted plenty of times (by Plautus, Moliиre, Dryden, Kleist, Giraudoux, Kaiser, Hacks) during the development of foreign literature. In different epochs, this motif attracted authors with more than just dynamic intrigue and the comic twins situation, but also with the opportunities it provides to raise some general philosophic and ontological issues. In the 20th century remarkable for the intensive technical development and powerful social and political cataclysms, the writers of the new generation turned to the old story again. The comparative analysis of dramas by Giraudoux and Hacks is a way to reveal similarities and differences in the perception of the mythological material explained both by the time when the dramas were written and by the peculiarities of the world outlook and aesthetical principles of the given authors.