The article dedicated to one of the most famous operas of the world repertoire – “La Traviata” by G. Verdi, was written by an opera singer who has been singing Violetta’s part on the stages of Russia and the world for more than 20 years, and a musicologist – a specialist in the ёeld of operatic drama. The authors synthesize a historical approach with a practical one, cover cultural and biographical contexts of creation of the opera, explain the reasons for choosing a relevant and highly courageous story for the Verdi’s opera times, and set out observations of the ёgurative-dramaturgical speciёcity of the work. The authors study the attitude of the composer to the current state of the Italian theatre and the reasons that prompted him to turn to the story of the drama by Alexandre Dumas. In the course of discussions, G. Verdi’s letters, research works in the ёeld of cultural studies and musicology are presented as arguments. The authors also note peculiarities of the interpretation of the title role of the opera “La Traviata” played by Maria Callas and Anna Netrebko, whose interpretations were justiёed, masterfully crafted and brilliantly realized. The article accentuates the main vocal and dramatic complexity of interpretation of the character of Violetta and ways to overcome it.